Bernese mountn dog pei

Bernese mountn dog pei

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Bernese mountn dog pei

The Bernese mountn dog is a breed of herding dog that originated in the French Alps. Although originally an alpine type dog, some breeders began selectively breeding dogs for improved appearance, for working ability, for coat types, and for working or pet quality. The breed was later introduced into the United States and became known as the Bernese Mountn Dog or Swiss Mountn Dog. The history of the Bernese has parallels to the history of the Great Pyrenees.



The Swiss Mountn Dog traces its lineage to an Alsatian called the Alpine or Swiss Hound, and the Bernese Mountn Dog or Swiss Mountn Hound was a very similar breed. Alsatian dogs are believed to have descended from German Spitzes, and Spitzes (or "Spitz-Schweisshunds" as they were often called) were brought to the Swiss Alpine area in about 1630. The dogs, known for their herding ability and adaptability, were used to bring cows up the mountns for summer grazing, while they were brought down in the autumn for winter. The Swiss Mountn Dog was widely used in Switzerland to guide, protect, and herd cattle. It was considered a noble-looking dog, bred to appear more beautiful in profile. In the late 1800s, dogs of this type were sent to France, and in 1877, the first dog show was held in Paris. Soon, breeders began to breed for specific characteristics, most notably the ability to herd cattle. These dogs were taken to the United States and became known as Bernese Mountn Dogs.

American Bernese Mountn Dog Foundation

The Bernese Mountn Dog Club of America (BMDCA) was founded on October 26, 1884, and is one of the oldest dog clubs in the United States. In the United States, the Bernese are similar to the Swiss Mountn Dog in that they are both referred to as Swiss Mountn Dog. There is also a small group of people who would call them "American Bernese." The American Bernese Mountn Dog is a working dog and in the United States is primarily used for ranch work and dog shows. In Canada, the Bernese Mountn Dog is called "Canadian Mountn Dog." It has been recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club since 1891.

The Bernese Mountn Dog Club of America, Inc. (BMDCA) was incorporated in 1975 to promote and protect the heritage, appearance and working qualities of the Bernese Mountn Dog. In 2001 the BMDCA joined with the American Working Terrier Association (AWTA) to establish The Working Terrier Club of America, Inc.

Historical breed standards

The American Kennel Club published the American Bernese Mountn Dog Club standards in 1928, 1930, 1931, 1933, and 1935.

In the UK, CKC standardisation was started in 1928 by the UK Bernese Dog Club. When the Club was merged into the CKC in 1986 it published a new standard which still exists.

In the 1920s a standard was published by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and in Germany and Switzerland a German Bernese Mountn Dog Standard (German: Schweizer Berner Maedelfhütte) was published in 1934.

Famous Bernese Mountn Dogs

Some famous dogs have been described as being of Bernese descent, although not of the breed. These include:

Alfred the Great (9th century), who lived in England

AdlE. Stevenson II, former United States Senator from Illinois

Billy Connolly, Scottish comedian

Cecil B. DeMille, film director

H.R.H. the Prince of Wales

Hans W. Himmler, Reichsführer SS

Hermann Göring, Reichsmarschall of Germany

Isaac Luria, 18th century composer, musicologist, and rabbi

John Wayne, American actor and producer

Konrad Adenauer, first Chancellor of Germany (he was German-Jewish, though, because he spoke fluent English, he chose to retn his US citizenship, though he also declared himself to be a Christian)

Sir Winston Churchill, British statesman

Marlene Dietrich, German singer

Edmund G. Robinson, American politician

Ruth Davidson, Scottish politician

Robert Browning, English poet and novelist

Charles de Gaulle, French President of the Fifth Republic

Sigmund Freud, Austrian psychiatrist and writer

Mildred Thelma Hill (1918–2015), British film actress, producer and screenwriter


Duchess Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, British Royal

Frida Kahlo, Mexican artist

Francesco Totti, Italian football player

Fulvio Fiorentino, Italian fashion designer

Frederick Forsyth, English author

George Galloway, British Member of Parliament

George Green, Baron Green of Hurstpierpoint, British life peer

George Green, Baron Green of Hurstpierpoint, Welsh politician

Maurice Green, Baron Green of Hurstpierpoint, British life peer

Hans-Michael Beierle, German serial killer and neo-Nazi activist

Howard Marks, British writer and cannabis activist

Jimi Hendrix, British guitarist and singer

Jürgen Klopp, German football manager and former player

Krzysztof Kolberger, Polish footballer

Leon Trotsky, Russian/American Marxist political theorist

Michael Oakeshott, British political philosopher

Noel Purcell, British television journalist and radio presenter

Philip Steadman, British politician

Richard Turton, British police officer

Richard Widmark, American actor

Rudolf Caracciola, German driver

Russell Peters, Canadian comedian and actor

Sophia Walbrook, British actress

See also


External links

The Duke of Edinburgh's Award - The National Award Office

Category:Educational institutions established in 1960

Category:British awards

Category:Early childhood education in the United Kingdom

Category:British monarchy

Category:1960 establishments in England